learning polish

learning polish

learning polish

Polish is a Western Slavonic language with about 40 million speakers in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus. There are also fairly large communities of Polish émigrés in the UK, USA, Canda, Ireland and Brazil. Polish is closely related to Kashubian, Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian, Czech and Slovak.

Learning polish today?

Polish first appeared in writing in 1136 in the “Gniezno papal bull” (Bulla gnieźnieńska), which included 410 Polish names. The first written Polish sentence was day ut ia pobrusa a ti poziwai (I’ll grind [the corn] in the quern and you’ll rest), which appeared in Ksiega henrykowska in 1270. In Modern Polish spelling that sentence is daj ać ja pobruszę, a ty poczywaj.

Great Polish poets include Jan Kochanowski (1530-84) and Adam Mickiewicz (1798-1855), the ‘national bard’ and author of an epic entitled “Pan Tadeusz”. The most famous writer of Polish orgin is Joseph Conrad or Konrad Korzeniowski (1857-1924), who wrote in English and started out as a sailor.

How to learning polish?

Literary Polish is based on the dialects of Gniezno, Cracow and Warsaw, though there is some dispute about this.

The native name for Polish is polski (Polish), język polski (the Polish language), or more formally, polszczyzna (Polish).

Polish sentences English translation
1 Jak się nazywasz? What’s your name?
2 Nazywam się Jan Kowalski. My name is Jan Kowalski.
3 Jak się masz? How are you?
4 Świetnie, dziękuję. Fine, thanks.
5 Bardzo dobrze. Very well.
6 Jak on się nazywa? What’s his name?
7 Jak ona się nazywa? What’s her name?
8 On się nazywa Janusz Kowalski. His name’s Janusz Kowalski.
9 Ona ma na imię Marta. Her name’s Marta.
10 Skąd jesteś? Where are you from?
11 Skąd on jest? Where’s he from?
12 Skąd ona jest? Where’s she from?
13 Jaki jest twój zawód? What’s your job?
14 Jaki jest jego zawód? What’s his job?
15 Jaki jest jej zawód? What’s her job?
16 On jest lekarzem. He’s a doctor.
17 Ona jest nauczycielką. She’s a teacher.
18 Jaki masz numer telefonu? What’s your phone number?
19 Jaki on ma numer telefonu? What’s his phone number?
20 Mój numer telefonu to 3217703. My phone number is 3217703.
21 Jaki jest twój adres? What’s your address?
22 Jaki jest jej adres? What’s her address?
23 Ile masz lat? How old are you?
24 Ile on ma lat? How old is he?
25 Ile ona ma lat? How old is she?
26 Mam 20 lat. I’m 20.
27 On ma 50 lat. He’s 50.
28 Ona ma 18 lat. She’s 18.
29 To prawda. That’s right.
30 To nieprawda. That’s wrong.
31 Nie wiem. I don’t know.
32 Czy masz psa? Do you have a dog?
33 Jaki jest dzisiaj dzień? What day is it today?
34 Dzisiaj jest niedziela. It is Sunday today.
35 Kiedy pracujesz? When do you work?
36 Idę teraz do szkoły. I am going to school now.
37 Czy on teraz idzie na zakupy? Is he going shopping now?
38 Nie idę teraz do domu. I’m not going home now.
39 Ty prowadzisz teraz samochód. You are driving now.
40 Czy pijesz teraz mleko? Are you drinking milk now?

LISTEN to POLISH ^

Radio
Media Media Poland
Radio

Deutsche Welle
SBS Radio: Australia
Radio Vatican

READ Polish ^

Wislawa Szymborska
The Little Prince Antoine de Saint-Exupery
The Bible & Religious Literature

Birth Certificate Alec Pastuschinski
Learning polish onet.pl
U.S. Declaration of Independence Journal of American History
Polish Newspapers

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